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Legal Metrology

It is defined in the International Vocabulary of Legal Metrology as that part of metrology relating to activities which result from statutory requirements and concern measurement, units of measurement, measuring instruments and methods of measurement and which are performed by competent bodies.Means that part Metrology which treats units of weighment and measurement, methods weighment and measurement and weighing and measuring instruments in relation to the mandatory technical and legal requirement. Almost every Indian is a consumer, whether they are buying clothes, food, fuel or any other thing. Whenever we pay our utility bills, we feel confident because we pay for what we have received, and measurements have made this possible.

It's been since ancient times the weights and measurements have come into use, as we know weights and measurements have played a very important role as everyday consumers, government traders, and industries make decisions based on the measurement result. These measurements affect both economic as well as individual well-being. The first accurate system of standardized weights and measures (some as accurate as 1.6 mm) was developed by the Indus Valley civilization, also known as the Harappan civilization. In December 1956, the Indian Parliament adopted the weights and measures within the Standards of Weights and Measures Act, and its effective beginning started on 1 October 1985.

Metrology is the scientific study of measurement. Legal metrology helps in providing standards for the control of measurements and measuring instruments. Legal metrology at the same time safeguards public safety, the environment, customers, and merchants, and it is essential for fair trade. The sale or distribution of all packaged goods in India, such as export goods, food items, and consumer products, requires a Legal Metrology Certificate from the Metrology Department of Consumer Affairs, as per the Legal Metrology Act, 2009.Due to the advancement of science & technology, there has been vast upgrading in weighing and measuring techniques which have extended the scope of weights & measures.

Anyone who violates regulations 27 to 31 is subject to a fine of four thousand rupees. If the breach is committed by a firm, each director or person in control will be held accountable separately. It is important to note that all 'pre-packed commodities' must be registered under Rule 27. Despite the definition specified in the Legal Metrology Act 2009, there is some ambiguity in how the term is interpreted. Despite the fact that numerous High Courts and the Supreme Court have attempted to interpret the term in various Judicial Precedents, firms/entities continue to struggle to comply with the provisions of these Rules due to a lack of clarity.

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